APPEARANCE: Powerful build, symmetrical, showing great
strength, but not cumbersome; sound and active.
CHARACTERISTICS: Powerful, enduring,
active and reliable.
TEMPERAMENT: High spirited, alert
Head and Skull: Skull large and square,
viewed from every angle, fair wrinkle when interested,
but not when in repose. Circumference of skull may
equal height of dog measured at top of shoulder; broad
and deep with well filled cheeks. Pronounced stop.
Muzzle short; distance from tip of nose to stop approximately
one third of length from tip of nose to centre of
occiput, broad under eyes and sustaining nearly same
width to end of nose; blunt and cut off square, forming
right angle with upper line of face, and at same time
proportionate with skull. Underjaw broad to end. Nose
broad with widely spreading nostrils; flat, neither
pointed nor turned up in profile. Flews not pendulous,
never hanging below level of lower jaw.
Eyes: Dark or hazel, of medium size,
set apart the width of muzzle with furrow between.
Light or yellow eyes highly undesirable.
Ears: V-shaped, folded back, set on
wide and high, level of occiput giving square appearance
to skull which is most important. Small and deeper
in colour than body. Point of ear level with eye when
alert. Rose ears highly undesirable.
Mouth: Level desired but slightly
undershot allowed but not preferred. Canine teeth
large and set wide apart, other teeth strong, even
and well placed.
Neck: Well-arched, moderate length,
very muscular and almost equal to the skull in circumference.
Forequarters: Chest, wide and deep,
well let down between forelegs, with deep brisket.
Shoulders muscular, sloping and powerful, not overloaded.
Forelegs powerful and straight, well boned, set wide
apart, presenting a straight front. Pasterns straight
Body: Back short and straight, giving
compact carriage, but not so short as to interfere
with activity. Roach and sway backs highly undesirable.
Hindquarters: Loins wide and muscular
with fair depth of flank. Hindlegs strong and muscular,
with well developed second thighs, denoting power
and activity, not cumbersome. Hocks moderately bent.
Cow hocks highly undesirable.
Feet: Well arched, cat like, with
rounded toes, pads hard. Dark toe nails desirable.
Splayed feet highly undesirable.
Tail: Set high, strong at root and
tapering, reaching to hocks, carried straight or curved,
but not hound fashion. Crank tails highly undesirable.
Gait/Movement: Movement indicates
power and sense of purpose. When moving straight neither
front nor hind legs should cross or plait, right front
and left rear leg rising and falling at same time.
A firm backline unimpaired by powerful thrust from
hindlegs denoting a balanced and harmonious movement.
Coat: Short and hard, weather resistant,
lying flat to body. Long, silky or woolly coats highly
Colour: Any shade of brindle, fawn
or red; colour to be pure and clear. A slight white
marking on chest permissible. Other white markings
undesirable. Black muzzle essential, toning off towards
eyes, with dark markings around eyes contributing
Size: Height: Dogs 63.5-68.5 cms (25-27
ins) at shoulder; Bitches 61-66 cms (24-26 ins) at
Weight: Dogs 50-59 kg (110-130 lbs); Bitches 41-50
kg (90-110 lbs).
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing
points should be considered a fault and the seriousness
with which the fault should be regarded should be
in exact proportion to its degree.
Note: Male animals should have two
apparently normal testicles fully descended into the